MLA 8 Webquest
Official AHS MLA 8 Citation Guide
- Basic MLA 8 Citation Guide (packet)
- Cite a Website in MLA 8 (handout)
- MLA 8 Guide to Citing Books (handout)
1. When do I need to cite?
- Look, if it came from anywhere other than your own mind, whether you are taking a direct quote out of a text or paraphrasing ideas from some source, you must cite.
- If you don’t, you are PLAGIARIZING.
- IMPORTANT: if you took all your ideas off some place like SparkNotes but put it all into your own words, YOU ARE STILL PLAGIARIZING. You are stealing ideas.
2. How do I cite?
- In your writing, if you are using a fact, an idea, or a direct quote from a source other than your own mind, you must use a parenthetical (in-text) citation after the information.
- In your speaking, cite your source aloud by telling the audience two of these three things: the name of the author, the name of the article, or the publication/website.
- Whether your work is written or in a speech, you also need to include your sources in a Works Cited page.
3. What should go in my parenthetical (or “in-text citations”)?
- Put his/her last name, then space, and then enter the page number(s)
- Ex: (Hawthorne 54-5) or (Anderson 20).
- No Author?
- Use the name of the webpage/article. Format as you would a webpage name–with quotes.
- Ex: (“Underwater Caves” 211) or (“University of Iowa Admissions”)
- Entries Have No Author and the Same Webpage Names?
- Choose the FIRST UNIQUE ELEMENT (perhaps this is the name of the website). Format as you would a website name–in italics.
- Ex: (Bigfuture) or (History Channel)
- Formatting the Entry
- Format it the same way it is formatted in the Works Cited.
- Ex: (Miller 12) or (“University of Iowa Admissions”) or (Bigfuture)
- Author, “Webpage Name,” Website Name.
- No Page?
- If there is no page, leave it out. Do NOT put n. pag.
- Need more help with Parentheticals?
4. How do I cite in a speech?
- Even in a speech, you must tell the audience where the information came from.
- If there is an author, you can say something like, “According to Mary Smith, in her article “Underwater Basket Weaving” on WashingtonPost.com, blah blah blah.”
- If there is no author stated, you can say, “According to an article called “McCarthy and the Red Scare” on BBC.com, blah blah blah.”
- You can also mix it up by thinking of other ways to state your source. For example, “Mary Smith, in her article “Underwater Basket Weaving,” stated, ‘blah de blah.'”
- Don’t forget to also make a Works Cited page!
5. How do I make a Works Cited page?
- MLA 8 Citation Guide (packet)
- The Easy Way to Cite a Website in MLA 8 (handout)
- The Easy MLA 8 Guide to Citing Books (handout)
6. How do I “set up” or “lead into” my quotes?
- Write a simple introductory phrase or sentence…
- Flowing within your sentence: In his Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, Written by Himself, Frederick Douglass argues that “Slavery proved as injurious [to slave holders] as it did to me” (31).
- Incomplete sentence set up: Douglass argues that Auld’s prohibition against literacy for him was a profound experience, saying, “It was a new and special revelation” (29).
- Complete sentence set up: The effects of Auld’s prohibition against teaching Douglass to read were quite profound for Douglass: “It was a new and special revelation” (29).
- More Info Here: http://faculty.mc3.edu/hhalbert/shared/quotes_citations/quotes.htm
8. How do I cite from the Bible?
- For the Works Cited Page, do The Bible. The Version of Your Bible, Publisher, Year.
- Example: The Bible. The New American Bible, Our Sunday Visitor, 2005.
- For the Parenthetical Citation: (Bible Version, Abbrieviated Book Title. Chapter-Verse).
- Example: Ezekiel saw “what seemed to be four living creatures,” each with faces of a man, a lion, an ox, and an eagle (New Jerusalem Bible, Ezek. 1.5-10).
- What are the abbreviations?
9. How do I cite from a poem?
- How to cite a poem in your Works Cited page.
- Parenthetical examples…
- Short quotations (1-3 lines of verse) from poetry require that you mark breaks in the verse with spaces and a slash, ( / ) at the end of each line of verse.
- Example: Cullen concludes, “Of all the things that happened there / That’s all I remember” (11-12).
- Long quotations (4+ lines of verse) from poetry need a block quote (hit enter and then tab twice to indent each line as it appears in the poem). The period goes before the parenthetical now.
10. How do I cite from a play?
- Citing Shakespeare (Information for doing the Works Cited page and Parenthetical Citation for any of Shakespeare’s plays)
- What about other plays?
- Works Cited Pages for Plays: http://lib.pstcc.edu/c.php?g=106731&p=693753
- Doing in-text citation with page numbers…
- Doing in-text citation with act/scene/lines…